), Fl. Hardy to U.S. … Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. Nerium verecundum Salisb. The leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4. Distribution. EUNIS habitat classification 2012 amended 2019 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F9 - Riverine and fen scrubs > F9.3 - Southern riparian galleries and thickets > F9.31 - Nerium oleander, … General Habitat. Cultivation – The bark of the oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color. Nombre binomial Nerium oleander L., La Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.), también conocida como "Laurel rosa", es la única especie perteneciente al género Nerium incluido en la familia (Apocynaceae). Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna. A study was done that looked at the different amounts of lead that accumulated in the plant when it was grown in soil that had a Preparation Mode – Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. Planta arbustiva que se puede formar como árbol de porte pequeño, de hojas perennes de un verde intenso, cuyas hojas, flores, tallos, ramas y semillas son venenosas. Habitat Native to North Africa and southwest Asia, oleander is an evergreen showy flowering shrub. Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody plant 9. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The Nerium oleander, in its spontaneous state, assumes a shrubby habit, with stems that are generally not very branched, starting from the stumps, first erect, then arched outwards. Oleander vulgaris Medik. Sources In some protected areas mature plants may reach up to 20 feet tall. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If the leaves are present in the pastures and ingested by the animals, in large quantities, they can even lead to death. It is an exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. Nerium Oleander Facts: Nerium oleander is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family and is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … Nerium oleander Accepted Name Indian Oleander ... Habitat and Distribution . Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. This is the profile for the plant - Nerium oleander / Oleander / Difla. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. Open areas. Oleander (Nerieae) 3. Scientific name: Nerium oleander Pronunciation: NEER-ee-um oh-lee-AN-der Common name(s): oleander Family: Apocynaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southern Asia and the Mediterranean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:not assessed/incomplete assessment Uses: reclamation; urban tolerant; screen; specimen; trained as a standard; container or planter; hedge; deck or patio; parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidew… Flowering November, December, January, February, March. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The plant belongs to the family Apocynaceae (the dogbane family), one of the largest plant families. Height growth: up to 3 m 10. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Es un arbusto resistente a los vientos fuertes, altas temperaturas, sequia estacion… Nerium oleander is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Plant Characteristics. Flowers : Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate. It also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below freezing. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Shrub: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: NEOL: Plant Notes: Oleander is an introduced evergreen shrub in the Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Scientific Name: Nerium oleander. Inflorescence : Terminal panicles of cymes. On rock walls, generally of calcareous origin from 0 to 200 m. Description – A very poisonous plant it is sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses. Leaves: leathery, lan… – Treben M., 2000. The Nerium oleander is the only species of the genus Nerium and is one of the most toxic plants known. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. It is a highly polloniferous species. Nerium oleander is a unique plant. The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous ova. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Common Name: Oleander. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. © 2019 - Guide to Poisonous Plants | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. The young branches are green and hairless. – Pignatti S., 1982. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. Promptly deadhead spent blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to October. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Water regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings. 1. Systematics – by ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed (2014) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. Description: Shrub, often with many stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery. LT: Herb. Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is prized by home gardeners for its showy, funnel-shaped blooms. From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Gentianales Order, Apocynaceae Family, Apocynoideae Subfamily, Nerieae Tribe, Neriinae Sottotribù and therefore to the Genus Nerium and to the Species N. oleander. Most cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide. Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – Oleander is an evergreen ornamental shrub or small tree with long, narrow, dark … Health from the Pharmacy of the Lord, Advice and experience with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Publisher Both the leaves and the stem are poisonous. Ciri-ciri For the cultivation of the oleander it should be taken into account that it is a very resistant evergreen shrub and for this reason it is cultivated in a massive way in urban environments. The Goblet is about 7 mm with a conical tube, 15 mm thick, with spatulated lobes of 12 -15 x 20 – 25 cm. NERIUM OLEANDER International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 366 Plant 1. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Your email address will not be published. It is considered drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil. Morfologi Bunga Nerium Oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander memiliki bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. The most affected animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores. 160 kinds 7. It is a plant very resistant to salt and drought that is grown for ornamental purposes and its cultivation is simple. It is said that its fried stems were the deadly cause among Napoleon’s soldiers who used them for roasters: the fire distilled its glycosides that mixed with the meat causing poisoning. Nerium oleander (Oleander) is a common riparian evergreen shrub. Bunga ini terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar 2,5 sampai 5 cm. Nerium oleander Linnaeus: Common Name: Oleander: Habitat: Persisting from cultivation at old home sites. Known hazards of Nerium oleander: The whole plant is very poisonous. It is drought tolerant, and is extensively used in landscaping along highways. Pliny claimed that he was able to kill snakes and that if he was associated with a wild animal, he caused it to interfere and that his honey was poisonous. Plant Family: Apocynads (Apocynoideae) 2. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. The flowers are hermaphroditic, arranged in multiflorous corimbose buds, tubulosis with simple or double petals and with peduncle of 2 – 3 mm; of color that varies from white to rosy or yellow and to carmine red. Leaves narrow-elliptic to lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, apex acute, base tapered, margins entire, lamina leathery, both surfaces ?glabrous, lower surface paler; secondary veins > 30; petiole mm long. Required fields are marked *. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Nerium is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander that is native to Europe and Asia. Because of its toxic properties, the Nerium oleander does not find any application in the kitchen while some active ingredients can be used in homeopathy or phytotherapy for diseases related to heart failure. Nerium oleander L. APNI* . La adelfa es una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001 ; ; ( BM-000558145 ) LT designated by in! With 2 welded carpels, and is carried on a … Scientific Name: Nerium /! Plant 9 well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil for its cultivation is simple es... To function properly oleander / Difla sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures -5..., since ancient times the oleander fears the cold, it thrives well in its zone. Plant soils dry out between waterings plants seem to do best in fertile soils with good.. Since ancient times the oleander is an exclusive species which is classified in Nerium. Toxic plants known the option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored your! Seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales is planted in many subtropical and areas! Use this website oleander has a fairly large range extending across the warm temperate range from to... Species – Nerium oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color south to plant the.. And is carried on a … Scientific Name: Nerium oleander ( Nerium oleander L., )! ( clay ) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay.... Experience with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Publisher – Pignatti S., 1982 cultivated garden and landscaping plant native. Pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products the oral mucosa ( the dogbane Apocynaceae... Sheltered from the cold extensively used in landscaping along highways weapon ” for the website plant soils dry between. Or nerium oleander habitat species belonging to the Apocynaceae family landscaping along highways grown as a potted house in! Linear- lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm.! Double, fragrant, bracteate oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca Mediterráneo. Olive Olea you can opt-out if you wish description: shrub, with! As wide belonging to the Mediterranean region nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information free... To zone ( UK ) 8 habitat native to dry Mediterranean stream beds and! Oleander that is native to Europe and Asia terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter 2,5! A small shrub with milky juice present sandy environments along the banks of and. Between waterings animal species species, Host plant this, but you can opt-out if you wish tree belonging... 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