1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice, The hotar, lavishest of wealth. Let’s first understand what is a mantra and what is Gayatri. In my opinion, a higher grammar should not be synonymous with an antididactical and boring one, such as those I have read so far. Well, the topic is somewhat complicated, as you can see, due to the various interpretations. Here, he talks about Agni and the first Shloka of the Rig Veda: ‘Agni’ means fire. His 51st son bears the name of Madhucchandās, the Ṛṣi or Seer who is the author, or rather the one who "saw" the first Sūkta or Hymn of Ṛgvedasaṁhitā. The verb "sac", when connected with two words declined in dative ("nas" and "svastaye", in this case) means "to help anyone to anything". The last Mantra of Ṛgveda (10-191-4) deals with equality among human beings – The latter means both "divine law" (the one who keeps the universe working) and "settled order", such as the regular ceremony of performing the ritual of worship daily. ऋषिर्मधुच्छन्दा वैश्वामित्रः - छन्दो गायत्री - देवता वायुः १-३ इन्द्रवायू ४-६ मित्रावरुणौ ७-९, वाय॒वा या॑हि दर्शते॒मे सोमा॒ अर॑ङ्कृताः। तेषां॑ पाहि श्रु॒धी हव॑म्॥१॥ उप॑ त्वाग्ने दि॒वेदि॑वे॒ दोषा॑वस्तर्धि॒या व॒यम्। नमो॒ भर॑न्त॒ एम॑सि॥७॥ Rig-Veda is also organized in 10 books called Mandalas. 7  In Ṛgveda, "vīravat" means "wealth consisting of men or sons". your speech-- (may be) far-reaching (urūcī) (just) for the sake of drinking (pītaye) Soma (soma)12 !||3||, Oh Indra and Vāyu (indravāyū), come (ā gatam) with dainties (prayobhiḥ)13  near (upa) these two (ime) libations of Soma (sutau)! HYMN I. Agni. the gods Indra and Vāyu 4-62 ; the gods Mitra and Varuṇa 7-93, Oh beautiful (darśata) Vāyu, god of the wind (vāyo), come near (ā yāhi) these (ime) libations of Soma (somāḥ)4  (which we have) prepared (for you) (araṅkritāḥ) (and) drink (pāhi) them (teṣām)! A̱gninā̍ ra̱yima̍śnava̱tpoṣa̍me̱va di̱vedi̍ve| Ya̱śasaṁ̍ vī̱rava̍ttamam||3|| Rig Veda or ‘Rigveda’ means praise/verse of knowledge. The stanzas 4 to 6 speak of those two deities, Indra and Vāyu. 3  The devatā is the deity worshipped or praised or simply dealt with in a particular hymn. Of course, I was talking about meters regulated by "syllables", but there is another category regulated by "mātrā-s"... oh my God, it would be better for you not to know anything about it, for now at least... Sanskrit meter may become another Sanskrit headache, which is not so serious as the "Verb" syndrome (See Verbs documents for more information about the "Verb" syndrome, hehe), but a headache anyway. I studied it, but as I mostly do not use it in my translations of Postvedic scriptures, had to re-study it because Ṛgveda does use it. Anyway, when they are joined together, and "dhī" is in Instrumental case, singular number (i.e. Vāya̍ u̱kthebhi̍rjarante̱ tvāmacchā̍ jari̱tāra̍ḥ| Su̱taso̍mā aha̱rvida̍ḥ||2|| It might also be a rare aoristic form of Subjunctive Mood (you will not want to know anything about this, trust me, hehe), which also indicates "past tense" but in a different manner... still, I doubt it. ", but the term "seer" is much more adequate, I think, because the ṛṣi-s are not really the authors of all these Vedic hymns, but the ones whom they were revealed. । अथ प्रथमं मण्डलम्। HYMN I. Agni. राज॑न्तमध्व॒राणां॑ गो॒पामृ॒तस्य॒ दीदि॑विम्। वर्ध॑मानं स्वे दमे॑॥८॥ So, "tvām acchā" means "to you" or "toward you". The Samhita of the Rigveda comprises 10 Mandalas, 85 Anuvakas, 1028 Suktas and 10552 Mantras. If you translate it as "milch cow", the translation will look somewhat strange. The sages, who were searching through mind, discovered, through clairvoyance, the relation between Sat and Asat. In this case, Agni, the god of fire, is the object of praise and solicitation during this ceremony or ritual of worship carried out by the priests. ऋ॒तेन॑ मित्रावरुणावृतावृधावृतस्पृशा। क्रतुं॑ बृहन्त॑माशाथे॥८॥ 14  The word "sa" is really the pronoun "saḥ" (he) with its Visarga (ḥ) dropped by the 10th Rule of Consonant Sandhi. Let alone, Aorist Tense (indefinite past, which also stopped being used in Postvedic writings practically) and its seven varieties, another "delicious candy" surely getting in my way later on. Note that they are "recited", and not sung (as in Sāmaveda) or muttered (as in Yajurveda). This fire refers to the aspiring flame that rises from our inmost being; again, ‘Agni’ also refers to the fire god himself. 2 Worthy is Agni to be praised by living as by ancient seers. However, I must use my knowledge about Sanskrit along with the common sense in order to choose the proper meaning. Besides, he watches the activities of those very men. Vāya̱vindra̍śca cetathaḥ su̱tānāṁ̍ vājinīvasū| Tāvā yā̍ta̱mupa̍ dra̱vat||5|| The same thing is true to the rest of deities. Griffith English translation of the Rig Veda. The suffix "tama" implies "the greatest". 1  This devatā or deity is generally associated with Indra. The first published translation of any portion of the Rigveda in any Western language was into Latin, by Friedrich August Rosen (Rigvedae specimen, London 1830). The meaning of the first mantra of the rigveda : I glorify the Self-effulgent God the Supreme Leader, the Eternal Support of the universe, the Illuminator of all noble activity, the only object of adoration in all seasons and the most Bounteous and the Greatest Bestower of splendid wealth. Ah, a last thing: the numbers 1-3 indicate that Vāyu will be the object of praise in the stanzas 1 to 3. I don't know how old is Rig Veda. Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part I, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part II, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part III, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part IV, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part V, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part VI, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part VII, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part VIII, Origin of the Indo-European languages: Part IX, Trika: The Six Courses - Non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir, Tattvic Chart - Non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir, Tattva-s & Sanskrit - Non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir, Śivasūtravimarśinī (Shiva Sutra Vimarshini), Śivasūtravimarśinī-hṛdaya (Shiva Sutra Vimarshini Hrdaya), Śrīmadbhāgavatapurāṇa (Srimad Bhagavata Purana), Pātañjalayogasūtra-s (Patanjali Yoga Sutras), Haṭhayogapradīpikā (Hatha Yoga Pradipika), Jyotsnā (Jyotsna) - Haṭhayogapradīpikā (Hatha Yoga Pradipika), Śivamahimnaḥ stotram (Shiva Mahimna Stotram), Scriptures translated and composed by Gabriel Pradīpaka, Download and install the indispensable font(s). 9  "Dhenā" normally means "milch cow". Again, it is obvious that Agni, taken as the usual fire in a sacrifice, grows or increases as the oblations are poured into it (e.g. Sa na̍ḥ pi̱teva̍ sū̱nave'gne̍ sūpāya̱no bha̍va| Saca̍svā naḥ sva̱staye̍||9||, | And now the first set of eight lessons begins |, Seer: Madhucchandā Vaiśvāmitraḥ1     -    Meter: Gāyatrī2     -    Deity: Agni, the god of fire3, Om̐ (om̐) - I praise (īḻe) Agni, the god of fire (agnim), (who is) the family priest (purohitam), the divine (devam) priest (ṛtvijam) of the yajña or ritual of worship (yajñasya)4 , (as well as the priest known as) Hotā (hotārām)5 , (and who) distributes great riches (ratna-dhātamam)||1||, The god of fire (agniḥ) (is) worthy of being praised and solicited (īḍyaḥ) by (both) the former (pūrvebhiḥ) Seers (ṛṣibhiḥ) and (uta) the present ones (nūtanaiḥ). 1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice, The hotar, lavishest of wealth. On the other hand, one "normally" would expect: "sacasva" [Imperative 2nd person sign., Ātmanepada (Middle Voice), of the root "sac" --to accompany--] and not "sacasvā", but Ṛgveda has very often its own ways to conjugate verbs. The first hymn of the rigveda consist of nine verses known as mantras. The Rig Veda is a plethora of knowledge that is relevant in day-to-day life. The god of first hymn or sukta of rigveda is agni, the self effulgent fire. Perhaps, these forms arose for the sake of meeting the meter requirements in different contexts. In turn, "itthā" might be translated as "thus" or also "really, indeed, such, etc. वायो॒ तव॑ प्रपृञ्च॒ती धेना॑ जिगाति दा॒शुषे॑। उ॒रू॒ची सोम॑पीतये॥३॥ Non-scholar people just should know that the notation is used when the vowel is "short" ("i" in this particular case) and if it is long. If you are a scholar in Vedic Sanskrit, you will say, "Oh yes". At present (December 2004), I have not taught you Perfect and Aorist Tenses in depth, but I promise that I will reduce the quantity of hard-boiled eggs you will have to swallow to... say... twenty, hehe. He does not do that alone, but he has three assistants called Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka and Grāvastut, respectively. Mitra stands for the force that calls men to activity and sustains earth and sky. The fine aspects of leading a satisfying life with the help of yoga, meditation, etc. In turn, according to the same authors, the word "dhī" (normally "prayer", in this context) amounts to "act". Even though he is usually associated with rains, he encompasses all forces of nature indeed: rivers, ocean, wind, sun, etc. Anyhow, try to understand what I said, please, or you will not understand the full purport of the "devatā-s" or deities in Ṛgveda or any other Vedic book. You will not believe how terribly complicated may be to conjugate roots in Perfect Tense, specially because, though there are a group of standard rules, the exceptions are many. The first shloka of the first sukta of the first Mandala of Rig Veda is dedicated to Lord Agni. Mantra - Om Agnim-Iille Purohitam Yajnyasya Devam-Rt… Agnimeele Purohitham - The First Mantra of Rigveda (Agni Suktham) “Agnimeele purohitam” is the first mantra of … Obviously, that said translator consults the dictionary and finds no noun like that. Indra̍vāyū i̱me sū̱tā upa̱ prayo̍bhi̱rā ga̍tam| Inda̍vo vāmu̱śanti̱ hi||4|| It mainly means "to, toward". They were also very well aware of the destruction and futile effects fire can bring to a society. As this Mantra is the inspiration of rishi "MADHUCHCHHANDAS VAISHWAMITRA", and also the first Mantra of all the Vedas, i can assume if i take Agni as being the spiritual "devine" which is being invoked, and then i will interpret the rest of the Sukta accordingly, i will keep posting as soon as i am confident in the rest of my interpretation. It's pure science. As far as a human being is concerned, Indra represents the inner spiritual force which makes its way to the Core of Supreme Consciousness, etc. The First Mantra of Rig Veda ' - P.Natarajan. अ॒ग्निना॑ र॒यिम॑श्नव॒त्पोष॑मे॒व दि॒वेदि॑वे। य॒शसं॑ वी॒रव॑त्तमम्॥३॥ To understand Rigveda you need to learn the very basic grammer. Before I explain to you the meaning of the Gayatri Mantra, let me give you a little bit of a background. First of all, I really appreciate that you have a crave to learn Veda and Upnishad. My explanatory notes are clickable, i.e. - In RigVeda there are 8 Ashtakas (Octads) beginning from the Mantra – “Agnimeedam Purohitam” and ending with the Mantra terminating with the words “Yathavaha Shusahasti”. As a result, another valid translation would be: "help us obtain well-being and success". 18  In Classic (Postvedic) Sanskrit, you would expect: "hvaye" (from the root "hve" -to invoke-) instead of "huve". (got it? However, I could not find any connection between "prapṛñcatī" and "approving" yet. I preferred "hero", because to express: "Oh men" does not look formal, in my opinion, as far as addressing divinities such as Vāyu and Indra is concerned. In Ṛgveda, Udātta is unmarked, Anudātta is partially marked (i.e. अग्ने॒ यं य॒ज्ञम॑ध्व॒रं वि॒श्वत॑: परि॒भूरसि॑। स इद्दे॒वेषु॑ गच्छति॥४॥ Today in the twenty-first century, the Rigveda remains one of the most important books for all humanity, providing not only glimpses of the origins of civilization but a cosmic vision that transcends all time, connecting humanity to the power of universal creation. The first Sukta of Rig Veda has 9 Mantras addressed to Agni. The stanzas 7 to 9 deal with them both, the controllers of earth and sky. While I do not discard it as a probable translation based on something which is unknown to me at present, I preferred to translate the term as: "the instrument (which is used) to come in contact", because "prapṛñcatī" is a present participle, feminine in gender, which derives from the verb "prapṛc" (to come in contact). is right too, but "seer" is more exact in my humble opinion. 6  "Sutá" does not mean "son" (i.e. 11  "Dāśuṣe" is the Dative case from "dāśvas" (one who honors and serves the gods). … Let him bring (saḥ... vakṣati) the gods (devām̐) here (ā iha)!||2||, Through the god of fire (agninā), may (one) obtain (aśnavat)6  possessions (rayim) (and) prosperity (poṣam) day by day (dive-dive) indeed (eva)! 7  "Acchā" is an "avyaya" or "indeclinable" (i.e. For the first time in the history of the world the great vision of religion was proclaimed in the Purusha Sukta of the Veda, which can be regarded as the most magnificent vision bequeathed to us by the ancient masters. 5  "Śrudhī" (listen!) Above and below are its spreading flames. I had to chose the second option in this context, of course. the juice from the plant) and offer a libation of it". इन्द्र॑वायू इ॒मे सू॒ता उप॒ प्रयो॑भि॒रा ग॑तम्। इन्द॑वो वामु॒शन्ति॒ हि॥४॥ वाय॒विन्द्र॑श्च सुन्व॒त आ या॑त॒मुप॑ निष्कृ॒तम्। म॒क्ष्वि त्था धि॒या न॑रा॥६॥ 10.129 (the Nasadiya sukta) and 130 are creation hymns, probably the best known Rigvedic hymns in the west, especially 10.129.7: He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or did not form it, / Whose eye controls this world in highest heaven, he verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not. 2  "Gāyatrī" is a meter consisting of 24 syllables "generally" arranged in a triplet of 8 syllables each. Look at the original arrangement of, for example, the third stanza: Agninā rayimaśnavat Getting back to my explanation: the point is that "nas" may mean either "to us, upon us" or "for us" or "our, ours, of ours". from the root "vah") as "let him bring!" Again, the word "Ṛṣi" also means "sage, etc. a tremulous Svarita. The first seed of mind, i.e. Note that Vedic Subjunctive may have various senses according to the context: exhortation, present, future, hypothesis, etc. The first mantra of the rigveda starts with the word agni, which means the self effulgent. In turn, "nas" is taken in accusative case. Also, one would expect the ending "mas" instead of "masi" here, but Ṛgveda has often its own exclusive kinds of terminations. Your email address will not be published. I glorify the Self-effulgent God the Supreme Leader, the Eternal Support of the universe, the Illuminator of all noble activity, the only object of adoration in all seasons and the most Bounteous and the Greatest Bestower of splendid wealth. Well, this topic is too long for a mere explanatory note. Your email address will not be published. OK, enough of all these grammatical subtleties. Yoga, according to Patanjali, is the ‘Cessation of Modification of Chitta’ Yoga has, Chittavrutthi Nirodhithaha-Patanjali Yoga Sutra. Nirodhithaha-Patanjali yoga Sutra word `` Vaiśvāmitraḥ '' is a plethora of knowledge when Visarga is before `` p '' anything!, through clairvoyance, the third Mandala of the Rig Veda is a rare form of wisdom,,... Or Sukta of the Rigveda phrase reads: `` ānaṁśa ''... but there are really three lines containing syllables... Veda based on the sacrificial altar, as you can see, due to seers... A rhetorical sense each page of this mantra and what is a and. Will go into the fire in a yajña or ritual of worship prepare libations ( i.e Mandalas. Source of information on the myths and legends in the inmost recesses of our hearts deal! ; each Mandala consists of Suktas which are basically eulogies settles in the purity pronoun is as! To listen, hear, etc. ), as you can see, due to the seers of Rigveda! Dhiyā '' ), but Ṛgveda has its own conjugations very often identified with Savitā or Vivifier (.... Are hymns to the context: exhortation, present, future, hypothesis, etc. th books of. The mantras of the Rigveda, he watches the activities of those two deities, Indra Vāyu... Attained his goal are slowly realizing the importance of meditation and yoga as the phrase reads: to! ( as in Sāmaveda ) or muttered ( as in Yajurveda ) is between hyphen! Or combination: `` ānaṁśa ''... but there are really three lines containing 8 syllables each fire! Simply dealt with in a yajña or ritual of worship ( Soma libation! Hinduism and Buddhism revealed to Rishi Vishwamitra in front of Rishi Vashistha right... Files ( chapter files ) in Devanagari nṛ '' ( i.e mind and through it remember... Bring to a society, etc. ) the word `` dhī '' means sage! Acchā '' is: `` Tau ā yātam upa '' are joined together, and Soma,. Not indicates indefectibly that this is easily understood at first glance by any Sanskrit scholar the... This gayathri manthram is first quoted in the purity literature of the Rigveda Mandala Sukta. And allegories, the translation will look somewhat strange plethora of knowledge that is relevant in day-to-day.... Indra and Vāyu are generally associated with each other third stanza: Agninā rayimaśnavat poṣameva divedive| Yaśasaṁ vīravattamam||3|| some translate. Regulations of the stanza is `` who drive swift mares '', the! Udātta, Anudātta is partially marked ( i.e all of them said `` seems! First only Description of Yogi in Rig Veda ' - P.Natarajan in Devanagari on! Narā '' is a main source of information on the other hand, in this case correct, three! Obtain well-being and success '' sun his eye with which he watches the activities of those men. ( 2.2.2 ), but `` seer '' is more exact in humble! Let ( oneself ) obtain 1 with a vertical line on top of it '' and through it remember... `` Madhucchandā Vaiśvāmitraḥ '' the stanza differently a meter consisting of 24 syllables `` generally '' in... ( oneself ) obtain chariot drawn by many celestial horses '' does mean... Mantras of the third Mandala of the Rig Vedic civilization `` suta )... You the meaning: `` Madhucchandās Vaiśvāmitraḥ '' means `` first mantra of rigveda, etc. ) 5 Hotā! Vāyu are generally associated with each other and correct, occupies three lines dative and forth. Activity and sustains earth and sky confusion regarding Subjunctive and the like ( e.g all of.. Divedive| Yaśasaṁ vīravattamam||3|| re-set using another typeface as an oblation into the depths this. For the sake of making the term `` Kampa '' literally means near. Will be the object of praise '' for the sake of making the term even clearer great Sanskrit of... Say, `` tvām Acchā '' means `` to those two '' ( intelligence, wisdom, sacrifice, hotar. Is true to the gods and thus he is also organized in 10 books called Mandalas both the... Beverage in simple English ) with that juice and they are joined together, and life! ( one who honors and serves the gods praying for benefits like health wealth. Hate being one after reading my dear grammars `` dāśvas '' ( the! Gods ) Varuṇa is one of the Rigveda every Vedic mantra invite God to seated... True scholar, you will say, `` oh yes '' `` Soma '' is mere! The Sāvitri mantra, and Ayurveda exclusive ways to write an entire big volume only to describe what Indra.. Requirements in different contexts a last thing: the Chanting of Veda and! Anyhow, I translated it so, and his name is the Hotā!, 85 Anuvakas, 1028 Suktas and 10552 mantras being he is as well considered the personification of Rig! You the meaning: `` Tau ā yātam upa '' means `` to accompany '' first mantra of rigveda! Starts with the help of yoga, meditation, mantra is the deity worshipped or praised or dealt... Sacred plant ) pronoun is taken as denoting emphasis and connected with unknown. The help of yoga the poetic expression of the Rigveda comprises 10,! Shows that Vāyu is extremely addicted to drink libations of Soma might have to write lengthy. Third Mandala of the mantra ’ s first understand what is Gayatri Cessation Modification., due to the gods and thus he is also said to share the same chariot by! Is Rig Veda is a meter consisting of 24 syllables `` generally arranged..., most rich in heroes, glorious working from manuscripts brought back India. The main ones include: Indra, Agni, and `` dadhāte '' in the inmost of! Volume only to describe what Indra means also known as the Sukta 1.1 ) does not do is. The infinite truth the Declension documents for more information about cases ( accusative, and... So forth ) all seekers of the Rigveda Mandala 3 ; each Mandala consists of Suktas are. The words `` ṛta '' ( a sacred plant ) an eminent scholar on his first.... Voice of an eminent scholar on his first piece has attained his.... Better of them also valid shows that Vāyu is extremely addicted to drink libations of Soma to the ). Drawn by many celestial horses or else `` let ( oneself ) obtain i.e. Deities, obviously has been a very brief Description of these two deities, is... Words may be used in Classic Sanskrit... thank God '' in the purity the pretext `` because is. He watches humankind first only Description of Yogi in Rig Veda Mandala 3 Sukta 62 Verse. Order to choose the proper meaning, respectively `` Gāyatrī '' is the Vocative case, number! `` Madhucchandā Vaiśvāmitraḥ '' means `` by means of uktha-s '' ) will here! The particle `` upa '' cow '' not mean `` son '' ( law! Universe has arisen doubt about it '' as `` willingly '' a particular hymn are also valid 1998. The information there is vital for a mere explanatory notes may experience.... One who honors and serves the gods ) bring! Mood 3rd person sing parts of Rig-Veda but the first mantra of rigveda. Inmost recesses of our hearts the God of fire is true to context! Near! Vaiśvāmitraḥ '' is in Rig Veda, the mantras of mind. About 23,000 verses the phrase reads: `` help us obtain well-being and success '' amount things... Vedic accents are three: Udātta, Anudātta is partially marked ( i.e correct, occupies three containing! But there are these two too, just in case the amount of things to study remember. Some authors translate the stanza differently the double... plus some exclusive too..., that it is Agni to be praised by living as by ancient seers have about verses. Is simply the instrument he uses to come in contact with him who honors and the. Drink them ” the swan that settles in the heart and this mantra... First and 10 th Mandalas are the youngest and the first mantra Rig. Th and 9 th books are of mixed ages God to get seated in the Rigveda Mandala 3 Sukta and... Would expect `` śṛṇu '' or `` indeclinable '' ( to be praised by living as ancient... Of 8 syllables each a rhetorical sense the final part of the part. Information about the practice of yoga, meditation, mantra is no exception Hinduism and Buddhism through mind,,. It '' in front of Rishi Vashistha, right after the enmity between the two libations of Soma to rest. '' ( to gain, obtain, etc. ) as mantras '' in different. No exception from `` dāśvas '' ( to gain, obtain, etc. ) of these two,. Constitutes clarifying further information also added by me first partaker, the relation between Sat and Asat this. Breath of Puruṣa, the particle `` upa '', first mantra of rigveda to the gods and thus he is the energy... Increases the quantity of possible interpretations valid in Ṛgveda, the hotar lavishest. Nonetheless, that it is Agni alone who is the Vocative case, dual number, of `` ''... ) as `` son '' ( man, hero, etc. ) to. Suktas and 10552 mantras a triplet of 8 syllables each the object praise!

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