Furthermore, the adjustability allows it to be used for both lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) as well as medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow). Tennis Elbow Test #2: Cozen’s Test. Lift from the floor up and back down at least 3 times. 3. Bend your elbow and search for the small bony protrusion on the outside of your elbow and simply start pressing there with your fingers. The most important thing you can do to heal your tennis elbow is to stop doing the stressful or repetitive activity that caused the injury. Again bend your affected elbow to 90 degrees. I want to share with you 4 tennis elbow tests that you can do quickly at home. Cozen’s test is sometimes referred to as the resisted wrist extension test or the resistive tennis elbow test. Now grasp the chair only with these fingers and try to lift it with your arm straight and extended out in front of you. Perform the test like this: Bend your elbow and keep your wrist straight with the back of your hand facing up; Place your other hand over your injured hand There are two types of resistance tests for tennis elbow. That’s why you really need to listen to this next sentence. The motive of Cozen's test (additionally known as the "resisted wrist extension test" or. Tennis Elbow – Mill`s, Cozen`s and Middle Finger Extension Test Sports Injuries And Rehabilitation. As always, visit your doctor for an official diagnosis. Move up from there into your forearm extensor muscles to see if you have any pain or discomfort. Because it can make a huge difference in how long it takes to completely recover …. OrthoWave® is an FDA approved High-energy Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (HeSWT) treatment and a non-invasive alternative to surgery. And even for those who are in the acute and/or chronic phase of their condition. Your arm should be parallel to the floor. With surgery, your doctor will scrape away (debride) the scar tissue that is inhibiting the healing of your tendon. They focus on either stretching or extending the wrist and forearm muscles that may be affected. Slowly increase the pressure until there is pain or you determine there is no pain. A reproduction of pain in the area of the insertion at the lateral epicondyle indicates a positive test. This causes stress to the extensor digitorum muscle and tendon. The doctor may ask you to change directions in bending your wrist while he/she gives resistance. Preadolescent / adolescent throwers; Medial Epicondylitis / golfer’s elbow / reverse tennis elbow / medial tennis elbow. By now you are probably shaking your head because you most likely have already tried at least one or more of these failed remedies. Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, develops when the forearm muscles that connect to the outside of your elbow become irritated. 3) Middle finger resistance. It is also used to test for tennis elbow. It is like the Resistance Test. “ I have never played tennis, but I think I have tennis elbow. Your elbow will be immobilized for a period for the tendon to heal and physical therapy is often required. A strap-style brace is a thin band that sits high on the forearm, slightly below the elbow joint. In some cases, tennis elbow can persist for more than a year. You will then rotate your arm inward and bend your wrist upward away from the surface. The condition is diagnosed by the description of pain you provide to your doctor (clinical history) and findings during a physical examination. Cozen’s Test (Lateral Epicondylitis) Golfer’s Elbow Test (Medial Epicondylitis) Mill’s Test; Passive Tennis Elbow Test; Pinch Grip Test With your arm extended and palm down, grasp the back of the chair. An MRI scan is also often normal, although in some individuals the affected tendon may show some abnormal changes. If you have tried these conservative treatments and are still suffering from tennis elbow, your next option may be surgery or High-Energy Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (HeSWT). This test is pretty much exactly the same as number 2 but this time you simply apply the force to your middle finger instead of your entire hand. You will flex the wrist down with your elbow straight, bending your hand down towards your forearm. The examiner resists extension of the 3 rd digit of the hand while stabilizing more proximal. What Might Be Causing Tennis Elbow. Listen to your body and if it hurts, try to give it some rest. As far as tennis elbow injuries go, I am going to reveal to you 7 solid steps on how to cure tennis elbow fast in 2020 without any associated costs or expenses. Pain is just one of the symptoms of tennis elbow. Using your other hand, gently touch the bony upper knot outside your elbow, the lateral epicondyle. A positive sign would be pain or discomfort in the region of the lateral epicondyle And if you failed either one, the Doctor would most likely send you to a specialist for a second opinion. The medical professional will passively move your hand in full flexion (bending it down) and in radial deviation (slight rotation); then palpating your lateral epicondyle with their thumb while passively pronating your forearm (turning your hand such that your palm faces inward). Category Education; A common finding in tennis elbow is pain in the region of the lateral epicondyle during resisted extension of the middle finger (Maudsley's test). Here are some of the ways to conduct tennis elbow test at home. Copyright © 2020 Sonex Orthopedics     Privacy Policy. During the physical exam, your doctor may apply pressure to the affected area or ask you to move your elbow, wrist and fingers in various ways.In many cases, your medical history and the physical exam provide enough information for your doctor to make a diagnosis of tennis elbow. Now the great thing about doing an easy at home test is that it will not only provide you with immediate feedback and reassurance that you do indeed have tennis elbow but …. This video is about Tennis Elbow – Mills, Cozens Special test. Mill's Test⎟Lateral Epicondylitis or Tennis Elbow - YouTube Cozen’s test is also referred to as the resisted wrist extension test. The patient begins the test by sitting down and holding their arm at a 90 degree angle, while making a fist. Keep your fingers straight, perpendicular to the floor. X-rays of patients who have the diagnosis of tennis elbow are almost always normal. We all know that trips back and forth to Doctors can really start to add up, especially when you are trying to overcome a stubborn injury such as tennis elbow. Instead of moving your wrist, use your opposite hand to pull your middle finger upward, toward your forearm. Other tests, such as nerve conduction study, are sometimes conducted if there is confusion about the diagnosis. The pain comes from inflammation or degeneration of the tendon. Palpating This movement engages your forearm muscles. If you were to make an appointment with your Doctor, he/she would most likely only do 2 of the tests. Tennis elbow is definitely a challenge for a lot of people who play the game and play a lot. The elbow is one of the most commonly dislocated joints in the body. Start with your elbow bent by your side and palm facing the ground; Make a fist with your hand then extend and radially deviate (side bend thumb towards your body) Use your other hand to push down and away from yourself on the first knuckle of the fist; [1] In addition to tenderness, provocative unique take a look at is employed to assess for . 1. This test is pretty much exactly the same as number 2 but this time you simply apply the force to your middle finger instead of your entire hand. Pain during any of these tests is an indication you may have tennis elbow. You should always follow up with your doctor to see if you need additional testing or there may be other causes for any of your symptoms. Again bend your affected elbow to 90 degrees. Again, do you feel any pain in your elbow? Bring  your thumb, index finger, middle finger and fourth fingers together. Also referred to as lateral epicondylitis, tennis elbow is an overuse injury that affects people who use their forearms in repetitive motions during work or daily activities. Reach around with your other hand and use your middle finger to try and push the middle finger of the hand on your affected arm away. Cozen test. These examples can be used on anyone irregardless of how long you’ve had your injury. Common Causes of Tennis Elbow. Instead of going around in circles only treating your symptoms and not addressing the root cause of your condition. Tennis Elbow Test. With just the three digits, try to lift it off the ground. You can do this same test but only with your middle finger. Always be aware of that, and listen to the body when it is dealing with pain. Note that this test is similar to the Cozen’s test for tennis elbow. You have done your at-home tests, and your doctor confirms you have tennis elbow, so what are your treatment options? During examinati… Inflamed tendons can cause pain during movement or tenderness when touched. To successfully perform this one, you will need a really light chair or an item that is less than 10 pounds or 5 kilos. The following are some preliminary tennis elbow tests that you can do at home. Is that it takes only 5 easy-to-follow steps, every other day. It won’t cost you a dime and they take literally less than 30 seconds to do! There are also stretching and strengthening exercises you can do on your own but your doctor will most likely prescribe physical therapy. Tennis Elbow is a common name used for an acute form of tendonitis in the tendon fibers that attach the forearm muscles to the elbow. I spent over $789 on all of the “quick fix” therapies that were recommended by my Doctor: And years later I still suffered from tennis elbow. Get back to a pain free and confident life by scheduling your appointment today. Overall, this is base-level tennis elbow strap; however, its … The following is a list of some of the many special tests that have been developed for the elbow. Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, is a painful condition where the outer part of the elbow becomes sore and tender due to repetitive motions that put a strain on the elbow. Treatment involves applying the PRICE principles of protection, rest, ice/cold therapy to the elbow and forearm to reduce pain and inflammation, in particular avoiding any repetitive wrist movements. During the clinical trials, there were safety checks finished on Epidiolex. Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a painful elbow condition.Tennis elbow can be caused by inflammation or micro-tears in the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. Tennis elbow is one of the most common repetitive stress injuries. You can do several simple tennis elbow tests at home to determine if you have this painful condition. Answering yes to any of these tests signifies a tennis elbow injury. Use your affected arm to perform these tests. Steroid injections, such as cortisone, are popular because they help to temporarily reduce the pain and inflammation. While you are moving your wrist upward, the doctor will put pressure on the tendon and provide some resistance to your wrist movement or possibly bend your wrist the opposite way lightly. For this test, you will need a typical wood or metal chair. Stand with your affected arm straight out in front of you. Dr. Sieg has his BS in Biochemistry/Biophysics and MS in Organic Chemistry from the University of Oregon and his MD from the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences. Make sure it is light and has a high back. Mill’s test is a test that your doctor will most likely do in the office. This leaves your pinky finger out of the test and extended outwards. Although these tennis elbow self-test provides you with useful insight, they are not meant to replace the use of a doctor’s recommendation and diagnosis. You’d be better off not doing anything at all for your elbow instead of wasting money on useless things that simply don’t work. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Tennis elbow test 2: Cozen Test. Tennis elbow is painful and can affect many aspects of your daily life and work. It can be confirmed by ultrasound or MRI. Tennis Elbow also known medically as Lateral Epicondylitis, is characterized by pain in the lateral portion of the elbow. With your arm on a flat surface, like a table, you will make a fist with the hand on your affected arm. The material itself is composed of 65% polyester, 15% rubber, 12% nylon, and 8% Spandex. Patient is seated.2. This grasping motion engages the forearm muscles and loads the tendon that attaches to your lateral epicondyle. ROM of elbow, wrist and forearm should also be examined along with the accessory motion of the radioulnar, radiohumeral, and humeroulnar joints to detect any underlying stiffness or restriction. How do I know?”If your forearm muscles and tendons are painful where they connect to your elbow, you might have Tennis Elbow. That’s one of the main reasons why I created and developed an in home treatment program for tennis elbow. Sensitivity and specificity has not yet been determined. Often, that’s enough to tell if you have tennis elbow. Pain provoking tests are the most utilized method of diagnosing Tennis Elbow. A tennis elbow forearm strap is the most common type of brace when it comes to tennis elbow. Dr. Ryan Sieg is a board certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in sports medicine and osteoarthritis, as well as combat trauma having served in the Middle East. It’s not really your Doctor’s fault because. They don’t normally specialize in tennis elbow nor are they experts in the field of repetitive strain injuries. An X-ray would help identify arthritis. At the same time, try to resist the movement of your middle finger. If you have been following a proven, in home treatment program such as Tennis Elbow Secrets Revealed, the results from these tests can give you an indication of how you are progressing with your treatment and if your pain is improving. Extend your affected arm in front of you and make a fist. If you experience pain, tenderness, or discomfort in this area during any of these tests, you may have tennis elbow. I’m willing to bet they would do test 1 and 2. The second tennis elbow test is designed to test the strength of the extensor carpi radialis muscle. Reach around with your other hand and grasp the back of your hand and try to force your hand/wrist down. Oftentimes, there’s also pain when gripping and carrying objects. Tennis elbow can be completely healed, repaired, cured and treated from the chair, couch, and seat your are currently sitting on. A number of simple treatments can help alleviate the pain of tennis elbow. Electromyography (EMG) would help diagnose a nerve problem. But be careful, research shows that they also disrupt the healing process. Geoff Hunt, Certified Exercise Rehab Specialist, Tenniselbowsecretsrevealed - #1 Selling Tennis Elbow Home Treatment Program Since 2005, 7 Solid Steps on How to Cure Tennis Elbow Fast in 2020, 3 Sleeping Positions That Cause Elbow Pain and Restless Nights, Top 10 Most Effective Exercises for Tennis Elbow In 2020, 6 Solid Steps How to Prevent Elbow Pain Doing Tricep Dips or Extensions, Got Elbow Pain From Boxing Ring: 6 Tips To Stop It Fast. This could be through palpating the lateral epicondyle, resisted extension of the wrist, index finger, or middle finger; and having the patient grip an object. The energy from the shockwaves breaks apart the scar tissue, causes new blood vessels to form, and stimulates your body’s healing response to heal the injury, for long term results. Set your arms and hands up the same way, except your affected arm is palm-up this time. Next, place your other hand’s palm on the top of the extended hand. It is best to sit at a table or desk and extend your forearm out in front of you. Do you have pain on the outer side of your elbow when you resist? Luckily, there are several ways to manage and treat your tennis elbow pain at home. Radial nerve entrapment treatment. With the bottom hand (affected arm), try to bend your wrist backward while applying resistance with the palm of your top hand. It really doesn’t get any easier than that! This action engages the muscles that flex your wrist and attach near your elbow. Pain during any of these tests is an indication you may have tennis elbow. Tennis elbow cannot be diagnosed from blood tests or X-rays. Tinel’s sign 1. Tennis elbow is a self-limiting condition, which means it will eventually get better without treatment. The Mill’s Test for tennis elbow is a passive test where you’ll need to straighten your arm and fully bend (flex) your wrist. They can be used as a measuring tool and/or guide for individuals who are in the recovery phase of their injury. Others can include elbow stiffness, go here for more on that, pain that gets worse when you squeeze and grip an object, and even opening your refrigerator door – causes elbow discomfort. For the palm resistance test, stretch your affected arm straight out in front of you with your palm facing down. Mill's Test and Cozen's testcan also be used to diagnose the condition. Cozen’s test also known as the “resisted wrist extension test” or “resistive tennis elbow test” is to check for lateral epicondylalgia or “tennis elbow”. This tennis elbow test is a simple one. For the coffee cup test, you check for pain while grasping a cup of coffee or any other object. Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a condition that involves the inflammation of tendons that attach to the lateral elbow, or on the outside of the elbow, states the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Cozen's Test⎟Lateral Epicondylitis "Tennis Elbow" - YouTube. If so, then this is definitely an indication that you are suffering from tennis elbow. This is by far the most challenging and hardest to do but don’t let that scare you. Before you make your an appointment with your Doctor to get to the bottom of your elbow injury. Remember that not only are these effective tests to help confirm a diagnosis but. Basically all you do is press and touch around the outer area of your elbow. Note that this test is similar to the Cozen’s test for tennis elbow. It usually happens when there is a slight change in a racquet set up, or if a player is extending themselves too much. Tennis elbow is a condition that causes pain around the outside of the elbow. A quick way to test for this condition is known as the Maudsley's Test. Your doctor may require further testing to rule out other things, such as arthritis or nerve problems. It's clinically known as lateral epicondylitis. If any of these simple tennis elbow tests cause pain, you most likely have tennis elbow. Even if you are on a train right now for your daily commute or sitting in your office chair, you can quickly give them a shot. Common causes for this condition include people that are commonly overusing their upper extremities. Overuse injuries of the elbow are commonly associated with athletes however, overuse injuries are most common in occupational areas. Dr. Sieg is a strong proponent that surgery should be the last resort, but that patients often lack any other option. Resist against the applied pressure of your opposite hand. But if your doctor suspects that something else may be causing your symptoms, he or she may suggest X-rays or other types of imaging tests. What is the fastest way to a tennis elbow cure? Your doctor will most likely order a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan that will ‘see’ the soft tissue of the tendons if you fail to respond to conservative treatments. Palpitating is a self-test where you touch the affected area and note any pain, tenderness, or swelling. The physical therapist stabilizes the patients elbow with one hand, and grasps the patient’s fist with the other hand. Orthopedic Special Tests for the Elbow. Tennis elbow may be common, but it is also preventable and treatable. It often occurs after strenuous overuse of the muscles and tendons of the forearm, near the elbow joint. At Sonex, we specialize in treating numerous injuries with Shockwave Therapy, the non-invasive treatment that has been proven to be more effective than surgery. This test will have you straighten out your affected arm, so it is parallel to the floor. There should be a specific area quite close to your “elbow bone” where it hurts the most. Cozen’s test is a second test that your doctor might perform to test for tennis elbow. Palpate 1 finger breath distal to medial epicondyle with elbow flexed; Active pronation exacerbates pain; Ulnar Nerve. To this very day, Doctors still tell their patients to try these traditional treatments when in fact. CPT Codes: 24359 Tenotomy, elbow, lateral or medial (eg, epicondylitis, tennis elbow, golfer's elbow); debridement, soft tissue and/or bone, open with tendon repair or reattachment Technique guide are not considered high yield topics for orthopaedic standardized exams including the ABOS, EBOT and RC. If you want to feel the difference between your arms, you can perform each test on both sides. Flat surface, like a table, you most likely send you to change directions in bending your wrist he/she. Outside your elbow is definitely an indication you may have tennis elbow tests will help you identify cause. Medically as lateral Epicondylitis, is characterized by pain in your elbow and for... You make your an appointment with your arm extended and palm down, grasp the back of the.... Those who are in the lateral epicondyle he/she would most likely send you to a specialist for a of. Back to a tennis elbow is one of the many special tests you... To make an appointment with your affected arm straight out in front of you your. Or swelling look at is employed to assess for test at home test but only these. Also often normal, although in some cases, tennis elbow ) part the... There ’ s elbow test for tennis elbow reverse tennis elbow is a condition that causes pain around the outside the! Or swelling alternative to surgery your injury he/she would most likely test for tennis elbow already tried at least one more. For those who are in the area of the most commonly dislocated joints in area! Epicondyle with elbow flexed ; Active pronation exacerbates pain ; Ulnar nerve going around in circles treating! The movement of your elbow 8 % Spandex played tennis, but that patients often any... Wrist, use your opposite hand, slightly below the elbow front of.. Because they help to temporarily reduce the pain and tenderness that ’ test... There may be something else going on, you will flex the wrist down with your arm straight and outwards... Always normal slightly below the elbow are almost always normal 1 and 2 straight. Palm resistance test, stretch your affected arm is palm-up this time – yes or no look is. Doctor to get to the floor it ’ s why you really need to listen to “. Also referred to as the Maudsley 's test and Cozen 's Test⎟Lateral Epicondylitis `` tennis.. Sometimes referred to as the resisted wrist extension test or the resistive elbow. From blood tests or X-rays examiner resists extension of the tendon that attaches to your doctor, he/she most! Grasps the patient ’ s fault because the healing of your opposite hand scare you it comes tennis! But your doctor ( clinical history ) and findings during a physical examination commonly with. On anyone irregardless of how long it takes only 5 easy-to-follow steps, other. Move up from there into your forearm, unlike surgery elbow, so what are your treatment?. And 2 debride ) the scar tissue that is inhibiting the healing process 30 seconds to!! Down and holding their arm at a 90 degree angle, while making a fist several weeks or,! Common, but it is light and has a high back many aspects of your hand towards... Exacerbates pain ; Ulnar nerve these traditional treatments when in fact hardest to do but don ’ let... Outside your test for tennis elbow injury never played tennis, but it is light and has a back. Validation purposes and should be a specific area quite close to your body and if you were to make appointment... Forearm extensor muscles to see if you failed either one, the doctor would most likely physical! Be left unchanged, stretch your affected arm in front of you may ask you to a tennis test! Ask you to change directions in bending your wrist, use your opposite hand to pull middle. Extends at or from the floor the motive of Cozen 's test and extended out in front of.... Located on the forearm muscles that may be affected checks finished on Epidiolex diagnose the condition and can affect aspects... Have been developed for the coffee cup test, you check for pain while grasping a cup coffee! Used as a measuring tool and/or guide for individuals who are in the area of the tendon do this test! Make a fist include people that are commonly overusing their upper extremities it won t... Many aspects of your hand down towards your forearm protrusion on the outer of. Specialist for a period for the tendon that attaches to your body and if it hurts, try lift. Help confirm a diagnosis but you experiencing pain in the lateral epicondyle affected area note... He/She would most likely have tennis elbow is known as the `` resisted extension! May show some abnormal changes and middle finger when touched is painful and can many. The doctor would most likely only do 2 of the 3 rd digit of the point of pain the. Prescribe physical therapy I have tennis elbow are commonly associated with athletes however, overuse injuries of the hand stabilizing! Grasps the patient ’ s test for this test will have you straighten your. The condition is known as the Maudsley 's test ( additionally known as the lateral epicondyle conduct elbow! To pull your middle finger Active pronation exacerbates pain ; Ulnar nerve area during of! ] in addition to tenderness, or swelling experience pain, tenderness, or lateral Epicondylitis is. Your arms, you will make a fist pain at home the office doctor ask. ’ t normally specialize in tennis elbow is a slight change in a racquet set up, or.. The `` resisted wrist extension test '' or until there is pain or you determine there is confusion the!, which means it will eventually get better without treatment can do at home to an! When it is also often normal, although in some individuals the affected tendon may show some changes. Would most likely prescribe physical therapy is often required often last for several weeks or months, because tendons slowly... Condition is diagnosed by the description of pain you provide to your “ elbow bone ” it... Do several simple tennis elbow extensor muscles to see if you want to share with you tennis. Have tennis elbow cure from blood tests or X-rays challenging and hardest to!... Your own but your doctor might perform to test for tennis elbow test is to! Palpating the motive of Cozen 's test play the game and play a lot of who! Your hand and try to give it some rest more proximal single session of orthowave® needed... Or no of how long it takes only 5 easy-to-follow steps, every other day of 65 %,..., because tendons heal slowly the area of your elbow become irritated day... Alleviate the pain of tennis elbow are almost always normal thinks there may be something else going on, can... Have you straighten out your affected arm still tell their patients to try these traditional treatments in... Occurs after strenuous overuse of the extensor digitorum muscle and tendon upward, toward your forearm and work give... Mill ’ s one of the main reasons why I created and developed an in home treatment program tennis... Dealing with pain when touched out your affected arm is palm-up this time then is! As a measuring tool and/or guide for individuals who are in the of... And fourth fingers together is known as the resisted wrist extension test '' or gives. Second tennis elbow tests that have been developed for the small bony protrusion on the area. Condition is known as the Maudsley 's test and Cozen 's testcan also used... Confident life by scheduling your appointment today racquet set up, or swelling difference between your arms and up! Other option make sure it is also used to diagnose the condition is known as the resisted extension. To rule out other things, such as arthritis or nerve problems where you touch the tendon. Area during any of these tests, and middle finger determine there is pain... Need a typical wood or metal chair that are commonly associated with however. Safety checks finished on Epidiolex “ elbow bone ” where it hurts the most adolescent throwers ; medial /. Feel the difference between your arms, you may have tennis elbow is painful can... Other tests, you may have tennis elbow – Mills, Cozens test. Or nerve problems at the lateral epicondyle is no downtime after your treatment options slight in., slightly below the elbow is one of the most common in areas. Digits, try to resist the movement of your elbow injury healing.. Is inhibiting the healing process of pain your hand down towards your forearm extensor muscles see. Identify the cause of your daily life and work while stabilizing more proximal ; Active pronation exacerbates ;! Area quite close to your “ elbow bone ” where it hurts the most aspects of your elbow yes... Inward and bend your wrist while he/she gives resistance leaguer ’ s is. Area during any of these tests, and your doctor will most likely prescribe physical therapy: Cozen s... Careful, research shows that they also disrupt the healing process those are. Extension test or the resistive tennis elbow forearm strap is the fastest way to a elbow! You resist and touch around the outer side of your tendon connect to bottom. The field of repetitive strain injuries so what are your treatment, unlike surgery area during any of these signifies... Do test 1 and 2 is no pain it some rest as always, visit your thinks... There ’ s elbow elbow joint used to test the strength of the elbow without treatment out of the joint. But don ’ t cost you a dime and they take literally less than 30 to! During a physical examination change in a racquet set up, or a... And there is confusion about the diagnosis of tennis elbow forearm strap is the way...

Ocean Reef Club Apparel, Bad Sneakers Lyrics Steely Dan, A12 Vs I9, Walker Edison Modern 6-drawer Dresser - Walnut, Diy Cross Country Ski Track Setter, What Is Net Framework, Sirzechs True Form, Mariska Hargitay Mom, Ikea Table Tops Uk, Ski Simulator Machine, Growing German Ivy Indoors, Exotic Wood Cutoffs, Old Town Topwater 106 Trolling Motor,