By. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. Most cultivars will grow well against a sunny south or west facing wall, whilst an east facing wall will suit some of the tougher cultivars, a north facing wall is not really suitable[219]. Enter your email address to Get Instant Email when a new post goes live on Gyanunlimited, Career in Commerce after 12th-Job Opportunities in Commerce, Careers in Chartered Accountancy-One of the Best Paid Jobs in India. Comparatively,Prunus domestica andRubus ellipticus fruit… Over 500 listed phytochemicals have been isolated from this single genus so far. A gum obtained from points of damage along the stem can be used as an adhesive[64]. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. We are currently updating this section. It covers edible fruits/seeds used fresh or processed, as vegetables, spices, stimulants, edible oils and beverages. Pain. By. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Posology and method of administration Well-established use Traditional … Right plant wrong place. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. No details of its uses. Low Temperature Research Station Downing St. Cambridge. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death. Plums help to reduced cholesterol by inhibiting LDL oxidation in humans and beneficial for heart diseases. The product is a traditional herbal medicinal product for use in the specified indication exclusively based upon long-standing use. Uses & Effectiveness? In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. In small amounts this exceedingly poisonous compound stimulates respiration, improves digestion and gives a sense of well-being[238]. Latin name: Prunus domestica Synonyms: Prunus communis Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family) Medicinal use of Plum: The dried fruit, known as prunes, is a safe and effective laxative and is also stomachic. The plum is widely cultivated for its edible fruit in temperate zones, there are many named varieties able to supply fresh fruits from late July to November or December[183]. Both fresh plums and dried plums are sometimes used as medicine. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. The fruit varies widely in size according to cultivar but can be 8cm long and contains a single large seed[200]. The ground up seeds are used cosmetically in the production of face-masks for dry skin[7]. Iron is good in the formation of RBC; Potassium helps to regulate heartbeat and blood pressure while Fluoride is beneficial for strengthening teeth. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. The more acid fruits are usually only used for cooking purposes[K]. We will not sell or share your email address. In new research, it has been observed that the consumption of plums has anti-cancerous effects and prevents the growth of carcinogenic cells. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. A hybrid P. spinosa x P. cerasifera divaricata. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Prefers a pH between 6 and 6.5[200]. A multi-target therapeutic potential of Prunus domestica gum stabilized nanoparticles exhibited prospective anticancer, antibacterial, urease-inhibition, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.. … … Eating plums helps in the production and absorption of iron thus good for blood circulation and overall health of the body. The flowers are eaten. Plum is a delicious and juicy fruit, low in calories containing no fats but abundant in vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. Crossref Mei-hua Han, Xiu-wei Yang, Ming Zhang, Guo … The juicy and wholesome fruit-Plums are low in calories, low in fat, low in carbohydrate, low in glycemic rating, rich in vitamin C and A, high in minerals thus effective for many diseases. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database People have used prunes in traditional medicine for centuries, adding them as an ingredient to treatments for: high blood pressure; jaundice; fever; diabetes; digestion; constipation Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Plums are called super-food by scientists and known for cancer prevention, digestive health, brain health, blood sugar, macular prevention, and weight loss. Black plums have many medicinal values like the bark, seeds, and leaves are used in the treatment of diabetes; leaves are used for strengthening teeth because of antibacterial properties,  barks are also good for throat problems. * Important announcements and news Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Itch. 5.7. Other conditions. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Current study was intended to assess polyphenolics content and antioxidant potential in edible wild fruits used as food and to treat various diseases by the inhabitants of Himalayan region of Pakistan. American Plum, American Wild Plum, Wild Plum, Chickasaw Plum, Watson's plum, Hally Jolivette Cherry. The root pattern is suckering with new plants from runners away from the plant [2-1]. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[115]. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity. Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use … Prunes come with a large number of health benefits and can improve digestion while offering needed nutrients. The bark is sometimes used as a febrifuge[7]. By. It does not cross-pollinate with the Japanese plum, P. salicina[200]. Antioxidants like vitamin C, Zea-xanthin, lutein, cryptoxanthin, are health-promoting compounds and scavengers against free radicals which are responsible for many diseases. Young trees show strong apical dominance with a straight trunk and symmetrical conical … * Exclusive content not on the website Regular eating of plums is good for vision and macular degeneration. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Plant diversity is a basic source of food and medicines for the local communities of the Himalayas. You will receive a range of benefits including: Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Seed - requires 2 - 3 months cold stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[200]. T. K. Lim, T. K. Lim, Prunus domestica, Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants, 10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2, (463-475), (2012). The plant is heat tolerant in zones 8 through 3. Here are the top 6 benefits of baobab fruit and powder. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Protect the seed from mice etc. Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). Plum is a delicious and juicy fruit, low in calories containing no fats but abundant in … The presence … Different studies suggest that … Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[200]. A sprouting standard sending up shoots from the base [1-2]. Prunus domestica (European plum) originated from southern Europe or western Asia (Das et al., 2011). They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. The presence of niacin, vitamin B-6, and pantothenic acid is good in the metabolism of carbohydrate, protein, and fat. For example Heat Zone. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Prunus domestica . We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The seed can be rather slow, sometimes taking 18 months to germinate[113]. Some types of plum are eaten fresh and others are dried to make dried plums (prunes). It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. 1. Many cultivars are fully self-fertile, though some are partially self-sterile and others require cross-pollination[200]. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Fresh yellow plum contains vitamin A and beta carotene good for eyesight and skin. The plum is a fruit. The European plum is highly valued in traditional medical … This QR Code is unique to this page. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Most members of this genus are shallow-rooted and will produce suckers if the roots are damaged[238]. domestica European plum Prunus domestica … Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Seed - raw or cooked. The phenolic constituents of Prunus domestica. It is also effective for cardiovascular problems due to the presence of potassium that helps to maintain body fluid levels. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. please talk to me about this plant and its benefits. Cough. Prefers some chalk in the soil but it is apt to become chlorotic if too much is present[1]. Plum has an adequate amount of Iron, Potassium, and fluoride. The dietary fiber of plums is beneficial in protection against gastro and respiratory cancers. Edible, Medicinal and other uses of over 7,000 plants Search for name: Common or botanical Name or Family. Plum contains dietary fiber, sorbitol and isatin is good for the smooth functioning of the digestive system and cures constipation because being an effective natural laxative. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; East Wall. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough … American Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry, Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, Newport Cherry Plum, Pissard Plum. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Prunus avium is a deciduous tree growing to 15–32 m (49–105 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in diameter. Abstract Context: Prunus domestica Linn (Rosaceae) has been considered a functional food, owing to its various pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and anticancer. The active constituents of Prunus domestica extract include phytosterols (e.g., beta-sitosterol) that have anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting production of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins in the prostate. Spasms. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame[200]. Prunus domestica var. 3. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). European plums (Prunus domestica) The European plum tree is the most common. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Layering in spring. In Britain the best fruits are produced away from the western side of the country. This study analyses the traditional use of medicinal plants in the treatment of wounds and the pharmacological characteristics of the most frequently used species. The study showed that the traditional use … Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. In a recent study, it has been shown that dried plums help to restore bone mass thereby prevent osteoporosis. Thrives in a loamy soil, doing well on limestone[11]. Hi, i have come to learn about the prunus plant and its benefits. The fruits of 20 plant species were evaluated using standard protocols, whereas information on medicinal uses was gathered through semistructured interviews. You can unsubscribe at anytime. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. In garden design, as well as the above-ground architecture of a plant, root structure considerations help in choosing plants that work together for their optimal soil requirements including nutrients and water. Plums help to prevent many diseases due to a pack of antioxidants and phytonutrients than blueberries. A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit[168]. Prefers growing in a continental climate, mild winters tend to encourage earlier flowering with a greater risk of frost damage to the blossom. A prune (Figure 4(b)) is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Succeeds in light shade but fruits better in a sunny position[11, 200]. Pygeum is often … Adhesive  Dye  Gum  Oil  Oil  WoodA green dye can be obtained from the leaves[168]. The use of the term for fresh fruit is obsolete except when applied to varieties grown for drying . 4.2. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The baobab fruit — whether fresh or powdered — is a staple in many cuisines and associated with various health benefits. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, all members of the genus contain amygdalin and prunasin, substances which break down in water to form hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid). Requires a well-drained moisture retentive soil[1, 11] and a sheltered position[200]. If you are unsure of the spelling of a plant or would like a more detailed website search, please use … An edible gum is obtained from points of damage on the trunk[64]. These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. More >>>. Plums are also used in a variety of recipes such as plum wine, plum jam, plum pickles, etc. More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of bitter almond for these uses. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Febrifuge  Laxative  StomachicThe dried fruit, known as prunes, is a safe and effective laxative and is also stomachic[4, 7, 21, 238]. Stretch marks. The root pattern is flat with shallow roots spreading near the soil surface. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. … Search for more papers by this … Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. Prunus domestica is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. They are used as a garnish for salads and ice cream or brewed into a tea[183]. var s = '' We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Grows well in heavy clay soils. The nutritional facts of plum in 66 grams of the fruit are as follow: protein (0.52g),  carbohydrate (56.23g), fat (0.69g), calories (40 cal), fiber (1.98g), sugar (12.55g),  vitamin A (213.18 IU), Thiamin (0.03 mg), riboflavin (0.06mg), niacin (0.33mg), vitamin C (6.27 mg), vitamin E (057 mg), pantothenic acid (0.12mg), calcium (2.64mg), Iron (4.62 mg), phosphorous (6.60 mg), potassium (113.52 mg) and including  copper, magnesium,  selenium and zinc. Naturalized in Britain. Prunus domestica is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. 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